Properties Optimization and Strengthening Mechanism of KNO3–KCl Water-Soluble Composite Salt Core for Hollow Zinc Alloy Die Castings

International Journal of Metalcasting (2022)Cite this article


A composite inorganic salt core with good water solubility and formability was proposed using potassium nitrate (KNO3) and potassium chloride (KCl) as base materials. The KNO3–KCl molar ratio has been optimized for the KNO3–KCl composite salt core, and then a low-cost bauxite powder acting as a reinforcing material was added to strengthen the optimized KNO3-KCl composite salt core for the application of hollow zinc alloy die castings. The results show that 70 mol% KNO3-30 mol%KCl composite salt core (CSC) possesses a good comprehensive performance, which has the maximum bending strength of 26.5 MPa and the excellent water solubility rate of 998 g/(min·m2). With increasing the bauxite powder content, the bending strength and vickers hardness of the CSC increase, but the water solubility rate of the CSC decreases gradually. When the bauxite powder content is 30 wt.%, the CSC has a bending strength of 42.99 MPa and vickers hardness of 39.2 HV, which respectively increased by 62.2% and 39.5%, and the water solubility rate is still higher than 692.9 g/(min·m2). The microanalysis reveals that the bauxite powder is stable and evenly distributed among the CSC matrix, which significantly refines the KCl primary phase, resulting in improving the properties of the CSC. Additionally, the crack deflection and branching caused by bauxite powder also enhance the properties of the CSC.

Korea Abstract

질산칼륨(KNO3)과 염화칼륨(KCl)을 모재로 하여 수용성 및 성형성이 우수한 복합 무기염 코어를 제안하였다.

KNO3-KCl 복합염 코어에 대해 KNO3-KCl 몰비를 최적화한 후 보강재 역할을 하는 저가의 보크사이트 분말을 첨가하여 중공아연합금 적용에 최적화된 KNO3-KCl 복합염 코어 강화 다이 캐스팅.

결과는 70 mol% KNO3-30 mol% KCl 복합염 코어(CSC)가 26.5 MPa의 최대 굽힘 강도와 998 g/(min·m2)의 우수한 수용해도를 갖는 우수한 종합 성능을 가지고 있음을 보여줍니다.

보크사이트 분말 함량이 증가함에 따라 CSC의 굽힘 강도 및 비커스 경도는 증가하지만 CSC의 수용해도율은 점차 감소한다.

보크사이트 분말 함량이 30중량%일 때 CSC의 굽힘 강도는 42.99MPa, 비커스 경도는 39.2HV로 각각 62.2% 및 39.5% 증가했으며 수용해도율은 여전히 ​​692.9g/( 분·m2).

미세 분석 결과 보크사이트 분말이 안정적이고 CSC 매트릭스 사이에 고르게 분포되어 KCl 1차상을 크게 정제하여 CSC의 특성을 향상시키는 것으로 나타났습니다. 또한 보크사이트 분말로 인한 균열 변형 및 분기도 CSC의 특성을 향상시킵니다.


  • composite salt core
  • potassium nitrate
  • potassium chloride
  • properties optimization
  • bauxite powder
  • strengthening mechanism


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