Composition Optimization and Strengthening Mechanism of High-Strength Composite Water-Soluble Salt Core for Foundry

International Journal of Metalcasting (2021)Cite this article


This paper aims to improve difficult cleaning and high core requirements in castings with complex internal cavities. The mixed salt was composed of NaCl, Na2SO4, BaCl2, and ceramic reinforced powder Al2O3 was added as core material. A high strength water-soluble salt core was prepared by melting gravity casting. Besides, the performance characteristics of NaCl salt core, Na2SO4 salt core, binary NaCl+Na2SO4 salt core, ternary NaCl+Na2SO4+BaCl2, and composite salt core after the addition of Al2O3 powder are compared and analyzed. The results demonstrated that the ratio of ternary salt cores was NaCl: Na2SO4: BaCl2=6:4:1; with the addition of Al2O3 powder, the bending strength of salt cores reached 27.9 MPa, and the bending strength of salt cores increased to 38.5 MPa. The composite salt core has a better water solubility than the unit NaCl salt core. Moreover, the water solubility time of the salt core can be shortened from 15 to 2 min when the water temperature was 85 °C. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray powder diffractometer were used to analyze the microstructure and phase composition of salt cores. The composite salt core’s energy during crack propagation is weakened by the deflection and passing through the composite phase, increasing the bending strength of the salt core.

Korean Abstract

이 문서는 복잡한 내부 공동이 있는 주물에서 어려운 세척 및 높은 코어 요구 사항을 개선하는 것을 목표로 합니다. 혼합염은 NaCl, Na2SO4, BaCl2로 구성되었으며, 코어재로 세라믹 강화 분말 Al2O3를 첨가하였다. 용융 중력 주조에 의해 고강도 수용성 염 코어를 제조하였다. 또한, Al2O3 분말 첨가 후 NaCl 염심, Na2SO4 염심, 2원 NaCl+Na2SO4 염심, 3원 NaCl+Na2SO4+BaCl2 및 복합 염심의 성능 특성을 비교 분석하였다. 결과는 삼원염 코어의 비율이 NaCl: Na2SO4: BaCl2=6:4:1임을 입증했습니다. Al2O3 분말을 추가하면 염심의 굽힘 강도는 27.9 MPa에 이르렀고 염심의 굽힘 강도는 38.5 MPa로 증가했습니다. 복합염 코어는 단위 NaCl 염 코어보다 더 나은 수용해도를 갖는다. 또한 염심의 수용성 시간은 수온이 85℃일 때 15분에서 2분으로 단축될 수 있다. 주사전자현미경과 X선 분말 회절분석기를 사용하여 염심의 미세구조와 상 조성을 분석하였다. 균열 전파 중 복합염 코어의 에너지는 변형 및 복합상을 통과하여 약화되어 염 코어의 굽힘 강도를 증가시킵니다.


  • water-solute salt core
  • high strength
  • water-solute time
  • strengthening mechanism
  • Figure 1extended data figure 1Figure 2extended data figure 2Figure 3extended data figure 3Figure 4extended data figure 4Figure 5extended data figure 5Figure 6extended data figure 6Figure 7extended data figure 7Figure 8


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